An additional referee who is asked to consider an article if two or more referees disagree in their recommendation. The adjudicator typically considers both the paper and the referee comments already obtained before reaching a final decision.
Journals publish more than just research papers. Many have several different types of article, each with a different purpose. Refereeing guidelines are usually made available for each by the journal so that referees know what standards to apply for the article they have been sent. Some examples of article types are:
- Research papers: The main article type used by most journals. Reports new research in a detailed form.
- Letters: Shorter articles, often with a special urgency or a high importance, describing new research but not in as much detail as in a full paper.
- Reviews: Articles reviewing progress in an area, often with extensive reference lists.
- Comments: Short articles commenting on a previously published work.
- Corrigenda/Errata: Very short articles that correct an error in a published paper.
Conflict of interest
If you are a colleague of the authors, helped with the authors' research, are in direct competition with the authors, or stand to benefit financially if the authors' paper is published, then it is not appropriate for you to act as the referee for that paper. This situation is called having a "conflict of interest".
An alternative system of refereeing used by a few journals. Referees are not told who wrote the paper they are reviewing.
Editorial Board Members
Senior researchers who support the journal staff in maintaining and developing the journal. On some journals, Editorial Board members run the peer review process, on others they act in an advisory capacity.
Work that makes only a minimal/insignificant advance over previously published work. This is also sometimes called “salami publishing”.
Open Peer Review
An alternative peer review model where the identity of the referees is made public and all reports are signed.
A form of scientific misconduct where the authors copy results or material from someone else’s work, claiming it is their own work.
A ratings system used by IOP as a measure of the quality of a manuscript. Referees are asked to rate papers against a quality ranking on the referee report form.
A step in the process where authors are asked to revise their article in response to a list of specific comments from referees and/or Editors.
A form of scientific misconduct where authors reproduce large amounts of their own previously published work and claim it is new material.
A system of refereeing where the authors are not told who the referees for their paper were. However the referees know who the authors of the paper were. Most journals use this system of refereeing.
- Advances in natural sciences, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
- The Astronomical Journal*
- The Astrophysical Journal*
- The Astrophysical Journal Letters*
- The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series*
- Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
- Biomedical Materials
- Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics*
- Chinese Physics B*
- Chinese Physics C*
- Chinese Physics Letters*
- Classical and Quantum Gravity
- Communications in Theoretical Physics*
- Computational Science & Discovery
- Environmental Research Letters
- European Journal of Physics*
- Fluid Dynamics Research*
- Inverse Problems
- IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
- IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
- Izvestiya: Mathematics*
- Journal of Breath Research
- Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics*
- Journal of Geophysics and Engineering*
- Journal of Instrumentation*
- Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
- Journal of Neural Engineering
- Journal of Optics*
- Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
- Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
- Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
- Journal of Physics: Conference Series
- Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
- Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
- Journal of Radiological Protection*
- Journal of Semiconductors*
- Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment*
- Measurement Science and Technology
- Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering
- New Journal of Physics*
- Nuclear Fusion*
- Physica Scripta*
- Physical Biology
- Physics Education
- Physics in Medicine & Biology*
- Physiological Measurement*
- Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
- Plasma Science and Technology*
- Plasma Sources Science and Technology
- Quantum Electronics*
- Reports on Progress in Physics
- Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics*
- Russian Chemical Reviews*
- Russian Mathematical Surveys*
- Sbornik: Mathematics*
- Science and Technology of Advanced Materials*
- Semiconductor Science and Technology
- Smart Materials and Structures
- Superconductor Science and Technology
* These titles are published in co-operation with international partners and peer review processes may vary
IOP Publishing, Temple Circus, Temple Way, Bristol, BS1 6HG
Tel +44(0)117 929 7481 Fax +44(0)117 929 4318 Email firstname.lastname@example.org