Accepted Manuscript

The version of the article accepted for publication including all changes made as a result of the peer review process, and which may also include the addition to the article by IOP Publishing of a header, an article ID, a cover sheet and/or an 'Accepted Manuscript' watermark, but excluding any other editing, typesetting or other changes made by IOP Publishing and/or its licensors.


The process by which a copyright owner may transfer ownership of his or her copyright to somebody else. In UK law an assignment must be in writing.

Creative Commons

Creative Commons is a not-for-profit organisation dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others within the framework of national copyright laws. The Creative Commons suite of free copyright licences provides a simple, standardised way to give users permission to share and use creative and scholarly work. At the time of writing there were six licences. The website for Creative Commons is


In the UK, copyright is a property right which automatically arises when a new intellectual work is created. The protection afforded to copyright works varies by country.

Copyright holder

The copyright holder is the owner of the copyright and has the exclusive right to prevent or impose restrictions upon the use by others of his or her work.

Derivative works

A work based upon one or more pre-existing copyright works; for example an adapted figure or a rewritten article.

Final Published Version

The peer reviewed, edited, formatted and typeset version of the article including any tagging, indexing and other enhancements published by IOP Publishing and/or its licensors

Gold Open Access

Content is made available to read and reuse with no financial or technical barriers.


The owner retains his or her copyright and grants permission for use of their work within set terms and conditions.


A form of scientific misconduct where the authors copy results or material from someone else's work, claiming it as their own.

User rights

In this context, the rights granted to someone using a copyright protected work, laying out what can and cannot be done with the content.

IOP publications